Books, Articles, and Reports


Back Off: How to Confront and Stop Sexual Harassment and Harassers Martha Langelan

Hey Shorty! A Guide to Combating Sexual Harassment and Violence in Schools and on the Streets Girls for Gender Equity (GGE), Joanne Smith, Meghan Huppuch & Mandy Van Deven.

License to Harass Laura Beth Nielsen

Nothing Bad Happens to Good Girls: Fear of Crime in Women’s Lives Esther Madriz

Passing By: Gender and Public Harassment Carol Brooks Gardner

Stop Street Harassment: Making Public Spaces Safe and Welcoming for Women Holly Kearl (with forward written by Hollaback co-founders Emily May and Oraia Reid!)


Articles (Academic)

Benard, Cheryl and Edith Schlaffer. “The Man in the Street: Why He Harasses.” In Feminist Frameworks, edited by Allison M. Jaggar and Paula S. Rothenberg. New York: McGraw Hill, 1984.

Chaudoir, Stephenie and Diane M. Quinn. “Bystander Sexism in the Intergroup Context: The Impact of Cat-calls on Women’s Reactions Towards Men.” Sex Roles (2010) 62: 623-634.

Davis, Deirdre. “The Harm that Has No Name: Street Harassment, Embodiment, and African American Women.” In Gender Struggles: Practical Approaches to Contemporary Feminism, edited by Constance L. Mui and Julien S. Murphy. Oxford: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 2002: 214-225.

Fairchild, Kimberly and Laurie A. Rudman. (2008). “Everyday Stranger Harassment and Women’s Self-Objectification.” Social Justice Research, 21 (3): 338-357.

Heben, Tiffanie. “Reshaping of the Law: Interpreting and Remedying Street Harassment.South California’s Review of Law and Women’s Studies 4, no. 1 (1994): 183– 219

Hitlan, Robert, Kimberly Schneider, & Benjamin Walsh. “Upsetting Behavior: Reactions to Personal and Bystander Sexual Harassment Experiences.” Sex Roles (2006) 55: 187-195.

Ilahi, Nadia. “Gendered Contestations: An Analysis of Street Harassment in Cairo and its Implications for Access to Public Spaces.” Surfacing 2 (1): 56-69. (May 2009).

Laniya, Olatokunbo Olukemi. “Street Smut: Gender, Media, and the Legal Power Dynamics of Street Harassment, or ‘Hey Sexy’ and Other Verbal Ejaculations.” Columbia Journal of Gender and Law 14 (2005): 91-130.

Macmillan, Ross, Annette Nierobisz and Sandy Welsh. Experiencing the Streets: Harassment and Perceptions of Safety Among Women.”Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 37, no. 3 (August 2000): 306-322.

Thompson, Deborah. “‘The Woman in the Street:’ Reclaiming the Public Space from Sexual Harassment.” Yale Journal of Law and Feminism 6 (1994): 313 – 348.



National Street Harassment Study Report